Everyone has a favorite wild animal that they love and know a lot about. For both young girls and women a collection of wild animal charms including their favorite animal or wild animals from a particular region can be a wonderful gift idea. Groups of charms around the same theme are a great way to show your appreciation and love for a particular species or group of animals in a very fashionable way.Starting a friend or family member out with a wild animal themed collection of charms first starts with deciding which animal or animals to include. You may have to ask what their favorite animals are, or you may already know. Either option allows you to start finding charms for gifts once you pick the theme.Most styles of animal themed charms are going to be found in both silver or gold as well as other types of metals. Selecting the type of metal is really a personal choice for collections of charms, but often people stay with all silver charms or all gold charms and a matching type of bracelet.For those that like their jewelry to be very versatile, consider a bracelet and charms that combine both silver and gold. This is a great option if you are focusing in on only one animal as it gives you more options for combining and adding new charms over the years.Animal themed bracelets don’t just have to focus on one type of animal. For those that travel or love visiting other countries or areas, a collection of charms of animals from those locations may be a good idea as well. With just a bit of research it isn’t hard to find native species and then start looking for the charms to match.This is often a great option if the country has lots of native species or is famous for one or more particular types of animals. Australia is a great example, home to kangaroos, koala bears, dingoes and various types of very beautiful bird species. A collection of charms featuring all these animals would be both sensational and eye catching.Focusing in on one animal and starting a very detailed collection of charms all featuring that one species is a great way to highlight an area of interest. All different types of stylized charms, lifelike charms or even disk style charms can be used to signify and represent the specific animal.Adding a few different charms that feature related aspects of the animal or animal group is another way to add a change to the bracelet. Charms of the country, legends of the animals or even the habitat for the animal is a great way to expand the charms on the bracelet while staying right in the wild animal theme.
What do wild animals do when they get sick? Unlike domestic pets, animals in the wild have no access to the range of treatments provided by owners or vets. Do wild animals know how to heal themselves?Growing scientific evidence indicates that animals do indeed have knowledge of natural medicines. In fact, they have access to the world’s largest pharmacy: nature itself. Zoologists and botanists are only just beginning to understand how wild animals use plant medicines to prevent and cure illness.There’s a name for itThe emerging science of Zoopharmacognosy studies how animals use leaves, roots, seeds and minerals to treat a variety of ailments. Indigenous cultures have had knowledge of animal self-medication for centuries; many folk remedies have come from noticing which plants animals eat when they are sick. But it is only in the last 30 years that zoopharmacognosy has been scientifically studied. Biologists witnessing animals eating foods not part of their usual diet, realized the animals were self-medicating with natural remedies.When a pregnant African elephant was observed for over a year, a discovery was made. The elephant kept regular dietary habits throughout her long pregnancy but the routine changed abruptly towards the end of her term. Heavily pregnant, the elephant set off in search of a shrub that grew 17 miles from her usual food source. The elephant chewed and ate the leaves and bark of the bush, then gave birth a few days later. The elephant, it seemed, had sought out this plant specifically to induce her labor. The same plant (a member of the borage family) also happens to be brewed by Kenyan women to make a labor-inducing tea.Chimps take their medicineNot only do many animals know which plant they require, they also know exactly which part of the plant they should use, and how they should ingest it. Chimpanzees in Tanzania have been observed using plants in different ways. The Aspilia shrub produces bristly leaves, which the chimps carefully fold up then roll around their mouths before swallowing whole. The prickly leaves ‘scour’ parasitical worms from the chimps intestinal lining.The same chimps also peel the stems and eat the pith of the Vernonia plant (also known as Bitter leaf). In bio-chemical research, Vernonia was found to have anti-parasitic and anti-microbial properties. Both Vernonia and Aspilia have long been used in Tanzanian folk medicine for stomach upsets and fevers.It is only the sick chimpanzees that eat the plants. The chimps often grimace as they chew the Vernonia pith, indicating that they are not doing this for fun; healthy animals would find the bitter taste unpalatable.Nature’s pharmacy for allWild animals won’t seek out a remedy unless they need it. Scientists studying baboons at the Awash Falls in Ethiopia noted that although the tree Balanites aegyptiaca (Desert date) grew all around the falls, only the baboons living below the falls ate the tree’s fruit. These baboons were exposed to a parasitic worm found in water-snails. Balanites fruit is known to repel the snails. Baboons living above the falls were not in contact with the water-snails and therefore had no need of the medicinal fruit.Many animals eat minerals like clay or charcoal for their curative properties. Colobus monkeys on the island of Zanzibar have been observed stealing and eating charcoal from human bonfires. The charcoal counteracts toxic phenols produced by the mango and almond leaves which make up their diet.Some species of South American parrot and macaw are known to eat soil with a high kaolin content. The parrots’ diet contains toxins because of the fruit seeds they eat. (Even the humble apple seed contains cyanide.) The kaolin clay absorbs the toxins and carries them out of the birds’ digestive systems, leaving the parrots unharmed by the poisons. Kaolin has been used for centuries in many cultures as a remedy for human gastrointestinal upset.Survival of the medicatedSo, how do animals know how to heal themselves? Some scientists believe that evolution has given animals the innate ability to choose the correct herbal medicines. In terms of natural selection, animals who could find medicinal substances in the wild were more likely to survive. Other observations have shown that, particularly among primates, medicinal skills appear to be taught and learned. Adult females are often seen batting their infant’s hand from a particular leaf or stem as if to say “No, not that one.”Wild animals don’t rely on industrially produced synthetic drugs to cure their illnesses; the medicines they require are available in their natural environment. While animals in the wild instinctively know how to heal themselves, humans have all but forgotten this knowledge because of our lost connection with nature. Since wild animals have begun to be observed actively taking care of their own wellbeing, it raises questions of how we approach healthcare with natural remedies, not just for ourselves but for our companion and farm animals too.